Colonoscopy is a process of examining the colon by interleaving a tube or a colonoscopy through one’s rectum. This medical process is mandatory for patients with adenomas and polyps growth in the colon because if not treated can lead to colon cancer. With the help of this test the doctors diagnose patients suspected of suffering from colon cancer.
Colonoscopy risks are the threats that can happen because of a patient is going through the process. Some of the risks include heavy bleeding, intestinal tear, infection, allergic reaction to the tranquilizers and bowel infection. But the threat is higher for colonoscopies that include the elimination of polyps’ growth in the colon.
If the doctor has advised you to undergo a colonoscopy, you must follow some of these advice in order to minimize the risks of colonoscopy. Always make sure that the bowel is properly cleaned before you go through with the medical procedure. In this way the physician will be able to administer the colon wall properly.
Risks & threats of colonoscopy
One of the most common risk of colonoscopy is a hole in the intestine. Although comparatively low, the risk is only increased when a polyp is removed at the time of colonoscopy when the instrument accidentally punctures a hole in the thin lining of the colon. But still the perforation can be mended by a surgery only if the hole is visibly large. If the hole is not big enough, it can be treated through resting the bowels, antibiotics and proper monitoring.
Bleeding is the possible risk of colonoscopy. This risk rarely happens and can be easily cured at the time of test or may fix on its own for minor cases. Bleeding can happen within a period of 7 days after the colonoscopy, so you should visit the doctor on regular basis.
There is a risk of post polypectomy syndrome from colonoscopy when a polyp is removed during the process. You can get to know about the syndrome if you have fever, pain in the abdomen and a sudden increase in the white blood cell count. In this situation you must take proper rest, along with antibiotics and intravenous fluids.
Colonoscopy risks are very low at approximately 0.35%. The risk is however increased to 2.3% when a polypectomy process is made at the time of colonoscopy. But if during colonoscopy, proper equipment’s are used and diagnosis is performed by a specialist, the risks can be largely abridged to a minimum. So always prefer a specialist while going through colonoscopy.